Environmental agriculture has been a hot topic for discussion in agricultural countries, as well as in conferences and forums for sustainable development and green economy. As Mexican activist Peter Rosett says in the Peasant Road Movement, "La Vía Campesina", environmental agriculture today has become a global pattern.
In the last few decades, many actions have been ignored. The talk of ancient traditional farming practices is now different movements and international organizations that want to own and control environmental agriculture because current agriculture has many negative impacts on the environment and production levels. Sustainable development, human health and future generations.
Agro-ecology as a term has been translated and defined in many different ways and has sometimes been misused. In terms of its definition within international organizations such as FAO, it is the alternative agenda for the defense of sustainable agriculture 2, and for others it is an opportunity to transform and change the current pattern of agriculture. For many peasant organizations and movements and social movements, environmental agriculture is a resistance movement against the current farming system and transnational agricultural corporations. At the same time, some neo-liberal movements and cooperatives are seeking to impose new forms of this concept to serve their interests and to strengthen access to green funding. .
What does environmental agriculture mean?
According to Miriam Webster's Dictionary, he defines environmental agriculture as an application of environmental concepts and principles to design, develop and manage sustainable farming systems, incorporating ideas about the environment and society, not only on production but also on sustainability of the ecosystem. Of the pros of society and simultaneous production with limited land and agricultural fields.
The peasantry movement "La Viacampcena" defines environmental agriculture as an agrarian shift against industrial agriculture, known as agribusiness and the investments of large agribusinesses, against the privatization of resources and the use of dangerous inputs, and against the trade of food as a commodity without focusing on the lack of seeds and the decay of agricultural land for the population, Is an alternative to addressing the causes of climate change, so environmental agriculture is all about agriculture, including sustainability of the ecosystem and social and economic justice for every citizen in parallel with the political participation of small farmers, including women and indigenous people , Which stems from the interests of farmers, their aspirations, their needs and their participation and are not based on the needs of the market.
From the Palestinian perspective, environmental agriculture means agriculture within the ecosystem and the conservation and sustainability of resources in parallel with the protection of the land from settlement and Judaization and its loss of confiscation from the colonial occupation, in conjunction with the elimination of new feudalism and the sustainability of small farmers as key actors in the defense and protection of the land.
In the Palestinian case, we are in a race against time to protect the motherland from desertification, pollution and chemicals, as well as to protect it from confiscation and forcible replacement of arrogance of occupation and global capitalism through seed companies, agricultural medicines and pesticides.
It is a strong support for the creation of self-sufficiency at all levels, starting from the individual, family and local levels to national self-sufficiency that provides proper food and quality to the Palestinian citizen as a partner in the production wheel. Not as a consumer. In order to achieve this kind of agriculture, we need to educate farmers, farmers and their families about the importance of preserving the motherland and the sustainability of its resources so that it will be available for generations to come, which will complete the journey of liberating the land and human beings from the remnants of the capitalist mold on the poor and the marginalized of the peasants.
One of the Palestinian experiments on environmental agriculture is the establishment of the Union of Agricultural Work Committees of the Municipal Seed Bank since 2003 in order to protect the municipal heritage of sowing from the loss under the control of the capital companies on seeds and their hybridization and genetically modified to serve their investment interests away from the devastating effects of the environment and human health of these amendments . Since the beginning of the establishment of the Al-Azor Bank, the Union has been maintaining the municipal crops and encouraging small farmers to continue their environmental agriculture based on municipal seeds. The Union distributes seeds to the farmers during the winter and summer seasons and recovers some of these seeds to preserve this precious heritage. .
The Union also disseminated organic farming ideas that rely on the minimum use of insecticides, fungicides or plants that eliminate the natural environment of the natural pest control chain, as well as the use of municipal or fermented organic fertilizers as an alternative to chemical fertilizers. The association has dozens of smart home gardens adapted to climate change as well as with environmental agriculture as a concept for preserving land and resources.
As for the global experience, the Cuban and Vietnamese experience is the greatest evidence of the will of the will to arrogance. The conscious farmer of the surrounding projects, ranging from social and economic justice to the liberation of the land from occupation, is able to continue the path and create the best for sustainability. Cultivation of the land from wheat, barley, legumes, vegetables, trees, livestock and poultry at the individual family level, to achieve self-sufficiency and a non-economic resistance economy.